Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the concrete superplasticizer .
Concrete water reducing agent is one of the technical ways to reduce the cement dosage, improve the utilization rate of industrial waste residue, and realize the durability and high performance of concrete. It is also one of the key materials for the development of concrete to high-tech field. And polycarboxylate type water reducing agent (PC) has become a kind of efficient water reducing agent with the most rapid development and the largest market potential because of its low toxicity and environmental protection characteristics. Compared with the traditional admixtures, the admixtures have become the focus of worldwide research and development because of their excellent dispersibility and slump retention ability.
Although polycarboxylate water reducing admixture outstanding performance and ability to maintain good slump has been widely recognized, but because of the existence of mineral composition, cement fineness, cement plaster form and content, admixture adding amount, and the mixing process of concrete mixture ratio, water has a very high sensitivity, seriously affected the existing products are widely used in engineering.
What is Polycarboxylate Series Water Reducing Agent?
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is a kind of surfactant containing carboxylic graft copolymer. Its molecules are comb shaped and have high steric hindrance effect. As the third generation of high-performance water reducing agent after lignosulfonate ordinary water reducing agent, naphthalene series aliphatic group, sulfamate and other high-efficiency water reducing agent.
It is because of molecular structure design performance is good, high reduce water, low admixture amount, keep slump good, enhance good, contain alkali amount is low, to set time influence is small, and most cement compatibility is good and pollution-free and other advantages are regarded as the most development potential of water reducing agent variety.
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is a new high-efficiency superplasticizer developed and produced successfully after naphthalene, melamine, aliphatic and sulfamate superplasticizer. In its content is low (solid content 0.15% - 0.25%) can produce an ideal water reducing and enhanced effect, less impact on the setting time of concrete and slump retention, adaptability to cement and admixture is relatively good, a smaller influence on drying shrinkage of concrete (usually not too much increase drying shrinkage), without the use of formaldehyde in the process of production and does not discharge waste liquor, SO The low content of 42- and Cl- has been praised by researchers and some users since the beginning.
Why should Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer be Modified?
Compared with naphthalene series high efficient water reducing agent, such as, although poly carboxylic acid water reducing agent in the reduction of water conservation slump has obvious advantages in aspects of environmental protection, but there are some technical problems in the practical engineering application, such as water reducing effect of concrete raw materials, mixing ratio, water reducing agent dosage dependence is very big, fresh concrete performance is sensitive to water consumption, easy preparation of large liquidity segregation layer. Poor compatibility with other water-reducing agents and modified components and poor product stability greatly restrict the wide application and development of polycarboxylate water-reducing agents.
In order to overcome the technical defects in the application of polycarboxylate water-reducing agent, or to improve some or some properties of concrete (workability, slump retention, reduction of bleeding, improvement of early strength, low shrinkage, etc.), it is necessary to modify the concrete.
In practice, the commonly used modification methods include synthetic technology and compound technology. Compared with the synthetic process, the compound method has the advantages of simple operation and low cost, so it is widely used in practical applications. Polycarboxylate series compound technology, is the polycarboxylate series water-reducing agent and other components (such as slow coagulation, defoamy, air induction, early strength and other components) according to a certain proportion of the combination compound, in order to achieve the coordination of the superposition of each component.
Concrete Superplasticizer Supplier
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Recently, the first press conference of the Boao Forum For Asia Annual Conference 2022 was held. Two flagship reports were released at the conference: "Asia's Economic Prospects and Integration Process 2022" and "Sustainable Asia and the World 2022-Green Transformation in Action in Asia".
The flagship report points out that the global economy will recover in 2021, and the pace of economic integration in the Asia-Pacific has not stopped even in the face of the impact of COVID-19. The Asia-Pacific region has provided new impetus for the world's economic recovery and institutional building.
The report gives an outlook on the Asian economy, noting that a number of factors will affect Asian economic growth. For example, mutated strains such as Delta and Omicron have become more transmissible, and many economies are experiencing epidemic peaks again. The Ukraine crisis has triggered geopolitical changes in Asia and Europe, leading to higher commodity prices, which may affect the global energy supply and energy transformation.
The report pointed out that the Asian economy will still be in the process of recovery in 2022, but the growth rate may moderate. According to the report, Asia's economic growth in 2022 is likely to be lower than the current IMF forecast, which is projected at 4.8%.
Affected by several factors, the supply of the concrete superplasticizer is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.
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